Many people are still wary of the surrogacy phenomenon. However, in reality it is a simple medical procedure that should not be feared or treated with distrust. Surrogacy is a service necessary for those women, who for different reasons cannot bear or give birth to a child on their own. In such a case, another woman, a surrogate mother, does it in their place.
There is an important point that is often overlooked: the surrogate mother is actually carrying someone else’s child, not her own. To do this, medical professionals perform a small miracle: they take an egg from a woman who cannot give birth herself, her husband’s sperm, and create embryos in laboratory conditions. These embryos will then be placed in the uterus of the surrogate to carry and give birth to children.
Many people are still very wary of the surrogacy phenomenon. But in fact, it is just another stage in the development of medicine, and sooner or later, humanity will accept it. In fact, we don’t blame people who use sugar substitutes and take insulin because their bodies cannot control their blood sugar, do we? It is the same with surrogacy: it is used by women who cannot otherwise have genetically born children.
THE HISTORY OF SURROGACY
If history is to be believed, surrogacy as a phenomenon has been around for a very long time. Of course, in the past, doctors could not perform such a miracle as fertilising an egg under laboratory conditions. So-called traditional surrogacy was used back then, when a surrogate mother would actually give birth to her child. The first stories of such cases go back to biblical times, when slaves gave birth and gave children to their mistresses who, for some reason, could not bear and give birth themselves. Of course, those barbaric times are long gone, but this illustrates how important having children has always been for people and what they were prepared to do for it.
INFERTILITY AND SURROGACY
It also tells us that the problem of infertility is far from new, that at all times people have faced the inability to have children. It is no longer possible to say with certainty how pressing the problem has been. But we can say with certainty that since the end of the 20th century the number of infertile couples has increased steadily every year. This is due to such factors as hard work for both men and women, bad ecology, constant stress, and so on.
The first surrogacy programme as we know it today was carried out in 1980. It was the greatest breakthrough in the history of infertility treatment. Unfortunately, more and more people need this service every year, but it is heartening that modern medicine is able to perform such miracles.
But not everyone views surrogacy as a great medical miracle. Since its discovery and to this day, there has been an ongoing debate about the ethics of using such methods to have children. Nevertheless, despite all the controversy and scattered opinions, surrogacy exists now and will apparently continue to exist until mankind finds a way to completely cure infertility.