Major Characteristics of Stinging and Flying Insects

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Most of the insects fly around with the help of wings. Some insects like cockroaches are reluctant flyers. They crawl to move around. Ants and termites fly at the stage of reproduction. 

Insects are classified into four groups based on their characteristics.

  • Flying insects
  • Biting insects
  • Crawling insects
  • Stinging insects

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The human environment doesn’t welcome flying insects due to various reasons:

  • Stings can cause swelling and pain
  • Bites can transmit viral, bacterial, and parasitic diseases.
  • Infestations produce allergens that can cause asthma.
  • Feeding on and contaminating food, damaging fabrics, and wooden products.

Some of the flying insects along with their characteristics:

  • Flying ants: These have a more nuisance characteristic. Though they sting and bite, they cause very little damage as they disappear rapidly.
  • Bees: Female worker bees are triggered only if they are threatened by others. The sting of a bee is very painful and might cause an allergic reaction. If bees build nests in homes, then they need to be controlled.
  • Flies: Houseflies, flesh flies and blowflies contaminate the environment with their faeces. Horseflies have biting habits.
  • Mosquitoes: Mosquito bites can cause pain, itching, and swelling. Mosquitoes can also transmit bacteria, pathogenic viruses, and parasites, which can cause dengue fever and malaria.
  • Moths: The larvae of moths feed on animal products and cause damage to our carpets, clothing, tapestries, etc.

Insect sting is entirely different from insect bites. Insects like hornets, wasps, and bees sting only if they are threatened. They use it as a mechanism for defence. Only females sting causing a burning sensation. The venom causes allergic reactions and not the sting. 

Some of the stinging insects, which can cause severe allergy to our body, are:

  • Wasp: It is the most aggressive stinging insect. Wasps can sting multiple times which can cause itchiness, swelling, and sharp burning pain. You can treat the wasp sting by cleaning the affected area with water and soap until the venom is removed. Then apply an ice pack to reduce swelling.
  • Hornet: The venom of a hornet is very strong and can cause severe allergic reactions such as vomiting, diarrhoea, wheezing, dizziness, coughing, hypotension, etc.
  • Bee: A bee stinger may get trapped in your skin when a bee stings causing red welts, sharp burning pain, white spots of the stinger. It can cause loss of consciousness, rapid pulse, difficulty in breathing swelling around the mouth, throat, or tongue. You can treat the bee sting by removing the stinger with tweezers or fingernails. Later wash the affected area with soap and warm water. Apply ice to reduce swelling. 

Humans consider certain insects as pests and try to control them with the help of insecticides, and other techniques. Pests have to be controlled to keep ourselves healthy, happy, and safe.